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English - Xara



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English - Xara vocabulary
English Xara  
abdomen tumin  
ability, capacity (to do something) jelen  
able, can jelar  
about (pertaining to; on the topic of) to  
above, over ko  
absent ra  
absorb segel  
accept (willingly receive) kemov  
accident (unintentional and unexpected event) esel  
account (record of money received/paid/owed) durin  
Ace tanel  
acid(ic) hajan  
across (at / to the other side of) lo  
act, deed goveron  
activity, bustle, ado goverel  
add, append, join so as to cause an increase sul  
address (postal co-ordinates) toreyed  
adhere (hold tightly to / stick to something) tuvul  
admire tanevid  
admit, confess halim  
adventure xamud  
adventurous xamudan  
advertisement sameyad  
advice fajilod  
after (later than; in the future of) zo  
afternoon (noon to dusk) galij  
again, once more, re- zel  
age (degree of oldness / youngness) pagad  
agency, bureau zerotik  
agree atul  
aim (to point/direct X toward Y) sejem  
air ofim  
airplane, aircraft ximayed  
airport zimayetor  
Albania Xkiperiya  
alcohol zarom  
alert gexelan  
alive jerexan  
alkaline vajan  
all (the whole number or entire sum of) pur  
allocation, allotment, portion (someone's share of X) ev  
almost, nearly xeler  
along tavo  
alphabet tejemil  
already (prior to the time mentioned) jerol  
also, additionally, too xumen  
alternate, take turns (do X then Y then X then Y) filed  
always (at all times) geon  
amazing tuxulan  
ambassador tolokum  
ambience, atmosphere hojeyed  
America Amerika  
and, plus xu  
angel, fairy (supernatural flying humanoid) sajelor  
anger rumir  
angle (the relation of two lines radiating from a point) voled  
angry rumiran  
animal (non-vegetable creature) ader  
announce, proclaim samiv  
answer, reply to a question or argument tokol  
ant (insect of family Formicidae) feniv  
anus zeloj  
any (no particular one of) e  
anyone uros  
anything uros  
apart, separately gu  
apple (tree/fruit of genus Malus) tuman  
approve (of) sadefoj  
April (frog month) keledox  
apron xoreyav  
arch pureyed  
area hoyed  
arm (shoulder to hand) jorik  
army fenagad  
around, encircling, surrounding ho  
arrival, appearance sumed  
arrow (sharp-tipped shaft shot from a bow) bor  
arrow (sharp-tipped shaft shot from a bow) bor  
art (creative craft; productive use of talent) suj  
article, essay (piece of text about one topic) felodil  
artificial (deliberately made by humans) govelidan  
as, like gamo  
ash dorom  
ashtray doreyod  
ask, inquire guven  
assembly, gathering tigoved  
at (in the same location as) jo  
at last zuju  
athletics (games involving physical skill), sports garul  
atom aon  
attack ateyil  
attention (active perception) avin  
attic, garret bohimiv  
attract gilaj  
August (lion month) zajedox  
Australia Ostreliya  
Austria Osteraig  
authority (the right/power to command) suramid  
automatic huvalan  
autumn, fall rulix  
auxiliary gajalan  
avoid, evade, keep away from ralaj  
awake xoteran  
away (from this or that place) noyol  
axe giled  
baby, infant lanus  
back (dorsal area) keral  
back (to previous place / condition) royol  
backward (in reverse order) royedol  
bad guruvan  
Bahrain Bahrain  
bake (cook or harden by means of dry heat) gareval  
balance, equilibrium solom  
ball (spheroidal plaything) sor  
balloon fenganur  
bamboo (plant/stem of genera Bambusa / Arundinaria / Dendrocalamus) yeverol  
banana (plant/fruit of genus Musa) feoril  
band, tape, flat strip fazul  
banjo tulug  
bank (monetary institution) falored  
bar, pub silotor  
bar, rod falagor  
barrel, cask imonex  
barrier, obstacle saledaj  
base, node, station (point from which things go or are done) rujel  
baseball sogarul  
basis, foundation (part which supports the rest) evej  
basket taregol  
basketball sogarul  
bass (double) juhil  
bassoon hiredel  
bastard, bitch jigum  
bat, stick, racket/racquet (any ball-hitting tool) tur  
batch (quantity of things done/produced at one time) pur  
bay (small body of water offset from lake or sea) teregiv  
be (intransitive predicative copula) or  
be, exist or  
beach, shore garomoj  
bean (lima/snap/etc.: plant/seed of genus Phaseolus or similar) togol  
bear (animal of Ursidae family) gem  
beard medor  
beat (repeatedly hit), batter fulihed  
beautiful xemejan  
because ru  
because of, due to rojo  
become (begin to be; acquire the quality...) orji  
bed gulur  
bee (member of genus Apis) huveron  
beer gamex  
before, in front of, ahead of (spatially) so  
before, prior to, earlier than so  
begin, commence, start semel  
behavior, conduct oremen  
behind, in back of, to the rear of jafero  
behold, here is zu  
Belgium Beljik  
belief magarex  
believe (accept as true) magar  
bell tenoj  
belt suminol  
beneficial jiluvan  
bent remedan  
berry (small pulpy fruit) tin  
beside, next to navo  
between, among, amidst, inter- faro  
beyond, farther than, exceeding geravo  
bicycle felon  
big, large (of much size) foran  
bill, invoice (statement of money owed) egeriv  
bird (egg-laying feathered animal with wings) gamarin  
birth foral  
birthday lixforafol  
bite fugatev  
bitter gamidan  
black dukan  
blade jeremid  
blame samox  
blanket (large piece of soft material used as a cover) kalerox  
blemish, blot golod  
bless (wish good upon) zimorel  
block (solid flat-surfaced mass of material) gemebil  
blood forem  
blow (move/cause to move as a current of gas) xovod  
blue siman  
blue black burovan  
board xumanej  
boat tugul  
body falor  
boil hanuv  
bomb kraj  
bone ufik  
bonk (free gratuitous sex) xokon  
book tulud  
boring, tedious feunojan  
borrow egatix  
bottle xerej  
bottom velil  
bounce, rebound hiriyod  
bow (for arrows) fumuj  
bow (tied knot) tinul  
bowl (deep round dish) duruj  
box (rigid rectangular receptacle) ponid  
boy gurus  
brain femod  
brake parel  
branch (small part going out from main part) borulav  
brass (copper-zinc alloy) gurom  
bread xumav  
break (into pieces) geselem  
breakfast pilijpim  
breast, mammary taxal  
breathe linogar  
brick (hard clay block) putur  
bridge timonil  
Bridge (card game) timkevul  
bright (with much light present) lejan  
bring (cause something to come along with one toward a place) sifelin  
broom kodex  
brother grem  
brown golan  
brush pinul  
bucket, pail pigal  
bud (of flower/leaf) tarel  
build (join materials to create), construct givodil  
building, edifice (structure with walls and roof) baradej  
bullet pamul  
bump, protrusion bezonid  
bundle, bunch (group of things tied or grouped together) pur  
Burma Myanmar  
burn remol  
burst tovon  
bus xeleyen  
bush, shrub keriyal  
business, commerce guvinar  
busk xodej  
busker xodejum  
busy sevinolan  
but, however nu  
butter gevom  
butterfly telfon  
buttock joxer  
button (on a shirt etc.) komul  
buy, purchase tumir  
by means of, via, per, with (using; through instrumentality of) tero  
cabbage (plant/leaves of sp. Brassica oleracea capitata) mukal  
cage gomul  
calculate, reckon orinex  
call, name ileyij  
call, summon meleyev  
camp, bivouac, temporary shelter hudeyod  
campaign (for political office) golofid  
can (is/are able to ...) xand  
can (presealed metal container) {British: tin} gefel  
Canada Kanada  
canal, channel, ditch gamalix  
candle fegod  
cannon zavol  
capture, seize tagar  
car, automobile (wheeled motor vehicle) xel  
carbon zerom  
card (stiff rectangle of material) kevel  
card (to send) tujul  
care, concern (about someone / something) maruj  
carpet suvul  
carrot (plant/root of sp. Daucus carota sativus) tumxar  
carry (move while supporting) sifeleyin  
cart, carriage, wagon (wheeled vehicle; not self-propelled) xeliv  
cat (Felis catus) tungoj  
catch (stop the motion of and seize in the hands) teminor  
category, classification simol  
cause (induce something to be/happen) ji  
caution, prudence, carefulness gerulim  
cave seredej  
cease, stop doing, quit gamid  
ceiling buhul  
celebrate, rejoice salaj  
cellar, basement buridil  
cello juhiril  
cement, mortar tujul  
century tarilix  
certain, sure xian  
chain (connected series of rings or links) zeremid  
chair (furniture for one person to sit on) derovij  
chalk xirom  
chance, randomicity, luck hul  
chanel gevunol  
change (become/make different), vary garex  
chapter (main division of book) tuleyud  
chart, diagram felom  
cheap, inexpensive rixikalan  
check (written order directing a bank to pay from an account) gomed  
cheek (side of face below eye) fiyan  
cheers! jixof  
cheese gavoj  
chemical (substance made by or used in chemistry) jodom  
chess sinovul  
chest (upper front of torso) geyox  
chicken jimol  
chief, leader timov  
chief, main, primary, principal veman  
child lan  
chimney beyolej  
chin xumit  
China Jonguo  
chocolate zimix  
choose, pick (out), select one of many possibilities rolaj  
church (building or institution of public worship) elevtor  
cider tumgamex  
cigarette jum  
circle samud  
city zimad  
civilization hamuj  
claim, assertion (statement of unknown accuracy) gamiv  
clarinet herel  
clay kuvom  
clean hiravan  
clear, plain (easy to see/understand) tulejan  
cliff kalarob  
climb sojam  
clock opeyed  
closed, shut nahilan  
cloth, fabric (material made of threads) hujom  
cloud tulumen  
club, cudgel fugix  
club, society (voluntary association re: a common interest) puraver  
coal fajom  
coast, seaside karodur  
coat (heavy outer garment with sleeves) limosel  
cockroach (insect of order Blattaria) karakev  
code (cryptographic system) tejemid  
coffee (plant/seeds of sp. Coffea arabica) kala  
coil vemud  
coin haroj  
cold, chilly, frigid fuman  
collar latulij  
collection pur  
colour sehel  
comb feyorim  
come, arrive (at indicated place) sum  
comfort (freedom from pain and/or worry) xok  
command, order, directive meleyod  
committee (group appointed to do a task) puraver  
common, general (shared by all members of a group) finejan  
communication (exchange of information) melevil  
community (individuals sharing space / culture) puraver  
compact disk jexud  
company (a business organization), firm afalem  
compare xurik  
compete, strive, vie gevered  
complex gumulan  
compose jamaved  
compromise zaval  
computer (electronic instruction-obeying information-handler) xorelev  
concert, performance jeresed  
condition, state, status simelid  
cone fimud  
connection, joint, junction xuyed  
conscious, aware oremojan  
consider goveyon  
consist of, be composed of zumun  
consonant (non-vowel) jemid  
constant, invariant, stable geonan  
constitution (charter of an organization) gunaril  
consume, deplete, expend, exhaust, use up hugul  
contain solim  
container fameyed  
continue, keep on doing/being xomel  
contract (agreement-document) avared  
control tagil  
cook (prepare by applying heat) galiv  
cool fumusan  
cooperate, collaborate xogov  
copper fulom  
copulate, have sex (with) kelever  
copy (a duplicate) zagid  
cord, cable (thicker than wire) teged  
cork (tree/elastic tissue of sp. Quercus suber) juk  
corn, maize (plant/seeds of sp. Zea mays) gefelon  
correct havolan  
correct (rectify) jihavol  
cotton (plant/fibers of genus Gossypium) yumex  
count, enumerate orin  
country toril  
courage, bravery toxok  
court (of law) kaxel  
cover (thing put onto or extended over something else) pivid  
cow/bull, cattle (bovine animal of either sex) deriv  
crack, fissure gevod  
crawl hudov  
create, make (bring into existence) gojival  
credit (permission to borrow money) temok  
crime kinoj  
criticize tamul  
cross (perpendicular intersection of linear items) xerel  
crunch katux  
crush (press on so as to break or re-shape) hamal  
cry out, shout, yell payon  
cry, weep ximon  
crystal xajilid  
cube karoj  
cucumber (Cucumis sativus) hulaver  
culture (the customs and beliefs of a people) falak  
cup (small bowl with handle) famul  
curse, damn (wish evil upon) delevor  
curtain gamud  
curve mudeyil  
cut juhud  
cycle (one complete performance of a periodic process) pelid  
cylinder gomud  
Cyprus Kibris  
damn! (general curse) kagav  
damned (genral curse adjective) kagavan  
dance tajep  
danger (situation in which harm is probable) govid  
dark, dim (with little light present) rejan  
dart (small playing arrow) borus  
date (coordinates of a day given in some timekeeping system) folej  
date (tree/fruit of sp. Phoenix dactylifera) bedax  
daughter felor  
day (24-hour period) fol  
day (daytime -- as opposed to night), diurnal period foled  
dead dogeran  
dear, precious, cherished kixoran  
debt, obligation to pay ofek  
December (robin month) kexodox  
decide remodov  
decrease (become or make lesser in quantity) romor  
deep, profound (of much depth) tumuran  
deer (animal of family Cervidae) folox  
delay, retard, tarry, postpone selod  
delightful verixan  
Denmark Danmark  
dense (of much density), concentrated, thick, intense gorevan  
density gorev  
dent, nick, indentation geyon  
deny (say that X is not true) relev  
deodorant gumiseyid  
depend on, rely on zerobad  
depth (distance from ground / baseline down to bottom) tumur  
descend, go down xum gevol  
describe fumul  
desert figarod  
deserve, merit, be worthy of zimid  
despite novo  
destination saxid  
destroy (contra-create; cause to cease existing) ji doger  
detail hubal  
diagonal, slanted tovolan  
dial (circle marked with numbers/symbols) tined  
dictator, tyrant perum  
dictionary terulud  
die doger  
different teloman  
difficult, hard rugulan  
dig hujiv  
dinner zalijpim  
direct, immediate (with no intermediaries or obstacles) rodan  
direction (orientation of motion) felev  
dirt, earth (tangible), soil gelom  
dirty, contra-clean gulejan  
disappearance rumed  
disappointment sumoder  
disaster, catastrophe kemad  
discover, find out teminoj  
discuss, talk about melevid  
disease, illness, sickness pejor  
dish (any shallow concave container) famij  
disk, disc sameyud  
dissolve habel  
distance (amount of space from X to Y) legev  
distinguish, differentiate, tell one from another telomej  
divide evex  
do, perform, engage in (specified activity) par  
document felodiv  
dog (Canis familiaris) teyoniv  
doll, effigy kelep  
dolphin taxon  
dome (anything shaped like an upside-down bowl) famid  
donkey, ass (Equus asinus) geferiv  
door basuj  
doubt kinxod  
down gevol  
dragon (winged serpent with crested head and large claws) xarenor  
drain (device that removes unwanted liquid) koyel  
dream jever  
drift, wander sumeyed  
drill sinataj  
drink silom  
drive, impel, propel galum  
drop (of liquid) fil  
drown (die/kill via immersion) kardoger  
drug kagal  
drum (hollow musical instrument beaten with sticks or hands) dubur  
drunk siloran  
dry sukulan  
dull, blunt (of little sharpness) fulijan  
durable, resilient, robust, strong (in this sense) hujaran  
duration (amount of time consumed) zapaj  
during guro  
dust gaxom  
eager gexeyelan  
ear afuj  
early, premature falado  
earth (terra firma contrasted with sea and heaven) dur  
earthquake duragad  
east selugem  
easy hamulan  
eat pimiv  
eclipse xelendukan  
edge fuleyud  
effect jiyed  
egg hamaj  
Egypt Masar  
eight jun  
elastic (able to regain shape/size after deformation) gehilan  
elect (select by voting) sukul  
electricity oxeliyem  
element (substance of irreducible simplicity) halom  
elevator {British: lift} bohilev  
e-mail xomexad  
embarrassment haj  
emit (to send out any form of matter/energy in any manner) galeyum  
emphasize, accentuate, stress ximel  
empty rameran  
end, conclude, finish gamev  
enemy pevajar  
energy oxeyid  
England Ingland  
enjoy gofom  
enough, sufficiently xam  
enter, go into xumeyed  
enthusiasm, zeal tinof  
envelope (folded paper covering a letter) tagol  
environment, surroundings, context hoyed  
equal temoyan  
escape, flee from feleyod  
Ethiopia Iteyopiya  
evaporate pahad  
evening (dusk to midnight) zalij  
eventually (in the far future) nexinusol  
ever (at any time) eon  
every, each ve  
evil kagan  
exact, precise gaxan  
examine, inspect garol  
example, sample jehul  
except for, besides, apart from, other than, excluding ejaro  
exchange, trade, swap arek  
excite ji gexil  
excitement gexil  
excuseme, pardon vogu  
exercise, practice (effort made to improve skills/health) govej  
exist or  
expand, grow li for  
expect, anticipate (believe that X will come/happen) serof  
expected kiserofan  
expensive, costly xikalan  
experience (consciously live through an event) hurumid  
experiment fodol  
expert kimovan  
explode toveyon  
explore faleyerim  
eye jemax  
eyeglasses lotol  
face xorik  
fact (undisputed datum) xoliv  
factory filoked  
fail rinol  
fairy xaval  
false, untrue ralejan  
family geref  
famous kemilan  
fan (device to create air current) surid  
far (at / to a great distance) somerol  
farm xerod  
fast, quick zorolan  
fat (oily/greasy material from animal adipose tissue or plant seeds) zuled  
fat, obese, plump tumban  
father kar  
favor, prefer hamol  
fear (be afraid of) hamij  
feather tuser  
February (rabbit month) zonodox  
feces, dung, excrement dogor  
feel (experience an emotion/sentiment) hojed  
feel (perceive with the tactile sense) tendar  
female folan  
fence (outdoor barrier supported by posts) feyok  
fertile jevilan  
fetus (foetus), embryo emej  
fever gamaj  
few (a small number of) nurim  
fiction gamax  
field (unbroken expanse of land) gelen  
fig (tree/fruit of genus Ficus) gamenir  
fight, combat gevex  
file (dossier; loose bundle of data) felodiv  
file (tool for abrading) giminid  
film (very thin layer) genil  
find (discover something to be) xeminol  
find (discover the location of) teminoj  
finger darog  
Finland Suomi  
fire oxid  
fireplace, hearth oxideyed  
fish guf  
fist xojer  
five zal  
flag, banner galad  
flared (opening up or spreading out from axis) xebelan  
flat, planar rahuyan  
flavor, taste tefuj  
flaw, defect, imperfection soron  
flax (Linum usitatissimum) folorex  
flexible (easily able to bend) suhuran  
float sehil  
flood, deluge arohid  
floor (bottom of room) bolud  
flour (grain-powder) gisam  
flow (travel in a current) palav  
flower tarsi  
flute hamadaj  
fly (move through the air) zimax  
fly (small winged insect) lop  
foam, froth sumuv  
fog turomed  
fold peyod  
food sulaj  
foolish herolan  
foot (on which something stands) amet  
football (American/tackle f~) sogarul  
football (association f~), soccer sogarul  
for (in exchange for) nero  
for (to benefit; destined for; for the purpose of) jero  
force havad  
forehead talor  
forest vemor  
forget (contra-remember) hudol  
forgive, pardon vog  
fork (instrument with >=2 prongs for picking up something) verbor  
form, shape tokov  
forward, ahead rodejol  
four dor  
fox (member of genus Vulpes) sin  
fragile, delicate veyaran  
frame (structure supporting or surrounding something) hoyej  
France Frons  
free (at liberty) zariman  
freeze puluv  
french horn haragal  
frequency (degree of oftenness or seldomness) gavod  
frequently, often gavodol  
Friday folfonol  
friend xorelar  
frog (web-footed tailless leaping amphibian) kelep  
from, out of, away from no  
front zimol  
frugal, thrifty gusan  
fruit telox  
fuel oxom  
full, filled kameran  
fun gix  
funny, comical himaran  
furious rumixeyan  
furniture viliger  
furrow, rut, groove hurim  
further (away) somefeol  
future (the f~) napol  
game (a rule-governed system of competitive amusement) sinov  
game, match (one particular encounter between competitors) garul  
garbage, trash, rubbish gumud  
garden folorij  
garlic (herb of sp. Allium sativum) xaromit  
garment (item of clothing) lerohij  
gas fedil  
gather, collect (bring or come together) tigov  
gay (homosexual) xivalejan  
gear (toothed wheel) votol  
gene furin  
generous, charitable koxeran  
gentle, mild guxan  
Germany Doixland  
gesture xomev  
get, acquire, gain, obtain per  
ghost (manifestation of dead person's soul) rugon  
gin and tonic zareseyed  
ginger (plant/rhizome of genus Zingiber) daregef  
ginseng (plant/root of genus Panax) varimol  
girl folus  
give kox  
glass jesom  
glove lahud  
go (move from starting point to elsewhere) xum  
goat (animal of genus Capra) zarak  
god, diety xor  
gold (the precious metal) xafom  
good jil  
good jilan  
good xarevan  
goodbye zaju  
gourd (plant/hard-rinded fruit of genera Lagenaria & Cucurbita) vegodej  
government tumid  
gradual tumaran  
grain(s), cereal crop(s) and their seed(s) dumenal  
grammar (rules and structure of a language) meloj  
grape (plant/fruit of genus Vitis) jeyanot  
grass (monocotyledonous plant of family Gramineae) javitol  
grasshopper sendov  
grateful, thankful sojaran  
graveyard shift, middle of the night (midnight to dawn) sulij  
gravity haveyad  
great, brilliant fajal  
Greece Elas  
greedy meraxan  
green gadan  
Greenland Tunu  
grey, gray holan  
grind povil  
group pur  
guard, monitor, watch over teyek  
guess, conjecture figev  
guide, lead mel  
guilty, blame-worthy sorijan  
guitar (stringed instrument played with the fingers) varud  
gun (ballistic weapon) tokolid  
gym garutor  
gymnastics garul  
habit, custom, routine practice kod  
hail tarad  
hair (a strand of fibrous material growing from the body) xamer  
hair (the hairs atop one's head thought of as a collective entity) xamerme  
haircut xajuhud  
half (1/2) verev  
hammer gilej  
hand feyot  
handle (part of tool by which it is held) sunid  
hang, suspend, dangle holivid  
hangover siloraj  
happen, occur temij  
happy xemeran  
hard, firm, resistant to pressure takuan  
harmony (pleasing combination of stimuli) xajel  
harness lehov  
harp guvulel  
harpsichord guvuvejel  
harvest, reap kelebol  
hat, cap lusul  
hate peva  
have xul  
he/ she/ it as  
head nurimol  
headache nurimpejor  
healthy fineran  
hear serex  
heart (coronary muscle) joxar  
heat, warmth gavil  
heaven, celestial realm, Valhala etc. vulem  
heavy (of much weight) simojan  
heel kamun  
height (distance from ground / baseline to top) garam  
helix (any corkscrew-shaped object) vemuyed  
hell, Hades neminor  
hello xinu  
helmet lubiv  
help gajal  
help, assist, aid avaj  
hemp, marijuana (plant/material of sp. Cannabis sativa) jaremol  
her asan  
here (in/to this place) seun  
hide, conceal gemex  
high, tall (of much height) garaman  
hill (smaller than a mountain) godorus  
hinge zinod  
hip dorel  
his asan  
history (organized account of past events), chronicle opejim  
hit, strike duleyad  
hockey sotugar  
hold, grasp higer  
hole vax  
holiday xafolid  
Holland Nederland  
hollow jivilan  
holy, sacred xorimor  
honey femoj  
honour serid  
hook zerol  
hope sudel  
horizontal verajan  
horn (bone-like growth from animal's head) deyotor  
horn (makes noise when blown) kerelon  
horse (Equus caballus) gef  
hospital gumuled  
hot gavan  
hotel, inn torijel  
hour (60 minutes) dej  
hourglass opefal  
house (a free-standing man-made dwelling-building) tor  
how? (in what manner?) veyin  
huge, enormous, gigantic ta for  
humble, modest xulofan  
hundred tar  
Hungary Madyar  
hunt, pursue (with intent to capture and/or devour) tenovel  
husband gur  
I is  
ice karijil  
idea, concept (thought-bundle) deleg  
if (on condition that...; supposing that...) lu  
imagine abad  
imitate, mimic humil  
immediately, straight away, now sunu  
important helonixan  
in (located inside of) do  
in spite of novo  
increase (become or make greater in quantity) tomor  
independent zemeyan  
India Barat  
indicate samiv  
indigo kemejan  
individual (one considered separately from one's species) taner  
infinate, perpetual, eternal gogamevan  
information xoleyod  
inject boreyonil  
injure, damage, harm havex  
ink tugulom  
inner, internal, interior goludan  
innocent, contra-guilty tulegan  
insane, crazy, mad finaman  
insect leyop  
instead of, rather than horevo  
instrument (musical) jerexum  
insult gumur  
insurance (protective contractual arrangement) feropad  
intelligent rasiman  
intend, mean to, do deliberately, have as a purpose teyol  
interest (desire to pay attention to something), fascination simil  
interfere, hinder ravaj  
international noreyan  
internet dupurfixor  
interval (quantity of time between events X and Y) fik  
intestines, gut(s), viscera umurel  
invent (plan something which has never been made before) elokij  
inverted, upside-down haxivelan  
invest kadol  
invite taxel  
Ireland Erin  
iris (of eye) seren  
iron balidom  
irregular, sporadic, intermittent jimonan  
island dureyus  
issue, edition (of periodical etc.) tamil  
Italy Italiya  
its asan  
Jack vajel  
jacket (a short and/or lightweight coat) lerol  
Jacks (card game) vajkevul  
jade (the tough green gemstone) fajalom  
January (bear month) gemedox  
Japan Nihon  
jar, jug (big wide-mouthed bottle) famud  
jealousy, envy jarak  
jelly (gelatinous semi-solid material), gel simid  
jewel, gem lufom  
jewelry xafeyom  
job, employment rimol  
journey, trip, voyage falerim  
judge (compare something to criteria), form an opinion about jaril  
juice (fluid extracted from something) seren  
July (lark month) sujadox  
jump, leap kared  
June (sparrow month) sijidox  
jury gamad  
just, fair, equitable vemajan  
keep, retain, go on having (e.g. "you should keep this book") jor  
kelp (seaweed of orders Laminariales and Fucales) xanagib  
key (metal device for operating lock) jilib  
keyboard tokol  
kick hinal  
kidney paot  
kill ji doger  
kind, sort, type, variety (of...) sim  
king horum  
kiss majer  
knee falat  
knife kereb  
knob toreb  
know jenol  
knowledge tujod  
Korea Xoson  
label kerel  
lack (be without) gojad  
ladder sureb  
lake karolej  
lamp forid  
land serem  
land, come down to earth gevoyim  
land, earth dur  
language (the verbal communication technique of a people) melom  
lark sujal  
last, final (after all others) zujan  
late, tardy raladol  
laugh zalon  
law (a rule enforced by a government) sogil  
layer tovol  
lead (the metal) kilovom  
leaf temen  
learn fajod  
least (the smallest quantity of) nurimfej  
least (to the smallest degree) nurimfej  
leather (prepared hide) busulom  
leave, depart, go away from noxum  
left(-hand) sifalan  
leg berun  
legend, tale zujor  
lend gilid  
length (distance from one end to the other) folon  
lens gelim  
lentil (plant/seeds of sp. Lens culinaris) soleyat  
less (a smaller quantity of) nurimfe  
less (to a smaller degree) nurimfe  
letter (a message written and mailed) mexad  
lettuce (plant/leaves of genus Lactuca) funulat  
level, even (on the same level) rahuyan  
lever kalid  
library torulud  
lie (recline horizontally) zerom  
lie (utter a known falsehood) regax  
life jered  
light (of little weight) rimojan  
light (visible electro-magnetic radiation) lijal  
lighter foreyid  
lightning foreyej  
like, enjoy (derive pleasure from) gofom  
like, similar to gamoro  
limit, boundary salaj  
line (series of contiguous points) jilav  
lion (Felis leo) zajef  
lip jorep  
liqueur zaregil  
liquid kareyad  
list temol  
little (a small quantity of) nurim  
little (to a small degree; with almost no intensity) nurim  
live (be alive) jerex  
live, dwell, reside toreyal  
lively, vibrant jereyan  
liver kuhor  
lizard xaren  
load, burden gejel  
lobster tumog  
local romerunan  
lock (device for securing doors) jileyed  
logic (formalized process of reasoning) omix  
lonely (feeling undesirable solitude) omoran  
long (of much duration) mapajan  
long (of much length) folonan  
long ago (in the far past) hajedol  
look gorim  
look forward to temenex  
loop, circuit, closed curve mudeyod  
loose (contra-snug), baggy semejan  
loose (contra-taut), slack sogolan  
lose (cease having; contra-acquire) kalid  
loud (of much sonic intensity) rexan  
love xore  
low, short (not tall; of little height) raraman  
loyal zaran  
lump, clod, blob, piece of no particular shape sovulid  
lunch galijpim  
lung ator  
lust xokum  
machine (device with moving parts) xolev  
magazine (periodical publication) tuludus  
magic, sorcery jalem  
magnet hemelen  
magnificent, great jilidejan  
mail (transmit postally) mexadil  
main lumidan  
majority tomfej  
make, construct jiyeled  
make, render (impart quality X to Y; e.g. "I make you happy") ji  
male guran  
mammal taxalader  
man (adult male person) gur  
mandarin, tangerine (tree/fruit of sp. Citrus reticulata) tinogip  
mantis (insect of order Manteodea) finogar  
many puriman  
many (a large number of) puriman  
map (drawing of planet's surface) felom  
March (fox month) sinadox  
mark (visible traces left behind) zemej  
market (place where goods are bought/sold/traded) faroz  
marriage (spousal relationship) xarem  
marvel tuxeyul  
master, lord timov  
match (a thing suitably associated with another) xorel  
match (little fire-stick) oxeyid  
matter, material, substance tukuv  
mature, adult gurenev  
May (cat month) tungodox  
maybe, perhaps, possibly xandol  
meaning (semantic content of a word) sugal  
measure forin  
meat, flesh jar  
medicine (substance that makes one healthy) teyonij  
meet, encounter, come across sum -ir  
melt pahuyad  
member (of group/organization) purum  
memory talon  
merchandise, goods, wares tumeyirme  
mercy tejod  
mermaid kaxaval  
message tolok  
message (batch of transmitted information) meyad  
metal kilom  
method, manner, way (of doing), technique jilid  
microscope nurijem  
middle, center golud  
midnight kelij  
military fenegan  
milk kev  
mill (place where raw materials are processed) kerator  
million goron  
mind gilix  
mineral, ore folom  
minority nurimfej  
mint (plant of family Labiatae) ferunod  
minute (60 seconds) zej  
miracle tomod  
mirror fahol  
misplace (lose; become unable to find) reminoj  
Miss fojer  
miss, fail to hit/reach/see etc. osumeyel  
Mister, Mr. hojer  
mix soleyim  
mix, blend solim  
molecule aloyid  
moment, an instant talusan  
Monday folverol  
money gal  
monkey, small primate tegarol  
month doxafol  
moon (natural satellite of a planet) melen  
more (a larger quantity of) tomfe  
more (to a larger degree) tomfe  
morning (dawn to noon) pilij  
Morocco Magrib  
mosquito folumef  
most (the largest quantity of) tomfej  
most (to the largest degree) tomfej  
mother fer  
motor, engine xoleyed  
motorcycle feleyon  
mountain godor  
mouse zanuv  
mouth ken  
move (engage in motion / cause to engage in motion) xumij  
movie, motion picture xemov  
Mrs. fojer  
Ms., Miss/Mrs. fojer  
much (a large quantity of) tom  
much, very (to a large degree; with great intensity) tom  
mud kuvom  
multiply kadex  
muscle furom  
mushroom (a complex aerial fleshy fruiting body of a fungus) garatej  
music jerex  
must, have to baved  
mustard (plant of sp. Brassica hirta / B. nigra / B. juncea) tumgal  
mutual, reciprocal xovan  
my isan  
mystery sagel  
myth, legend melejil  
nail (fingernail) hesad  
nail (pointy fastener) terij  
naked, nude, exposed (without the usual cover) keman  
name ilij  
narrow, of little width (of space between objects) royeyev  
nation, state (political entity) toril  
native (naturally belonging to a given realm) jadevan  
nature (that which occurs spontaneously; the non-artificial world) jereyed  
navel perad  
near (at / to a little distance) rumerol  
near, close to romero  
necessary, needed, required baveyol  
neck vareyo  
necktie talov  
need, require bavol  
needle boreyol  
negative rian  
neglect, negligence, apathy raved  
neon sajom  
nerve verad  
nest, den, lair (an animal's self-made house) hudiv  
net pivil  
neuter (neither male nor female) horonan  
never reon  
New Guinea Niugini  
New Zealand Aotearoa  
new, novel, recent (having been known for a brief time) tulan  
news, tidings faral  
newspaper fatulus  
next (coming immediately after; "tomorrow" = the next day) hujan  
nice, kind, affable xuman  
night dukoled  
nightlife dukogix  
nightmare jevegid  
nine sel  
nitrogen neyom  
no riye  
noise (confused/randomized sound/stimuli) xeyon  
noon tulij  
normal, ordinary, usual finan  
north atarem  
Norway Norye  
nose toreg  
not ri  
note, annotation tuliv  
notice, observe jarex  
November (wolf month) feredox  
now (at this time) seonol  
number, numeral (a word or symbol indicating quantity) orin  
nut (hard-shelled fruit/seed with separable shell and kernel) tinor  
o (when addressing someone) I  
oak (tree of genus Quercus) kalemir  
oat (plant/seed of genus Avena) teger  
obey tugid  
object (concrete tangible thing) milax  
oboe hirul  
obscure, unheard of futulan  
October (whale month) adadox  
of (containing the measured quantity: "two liters of water") garo  
of (owned by; belonging to; associated with; = genitive) aro  
offer (present for acceptance or rejection) foron  
official (issued with authority) serenan  
oil (a combustible fatty liquid that will not mix with water) dulom  
oil (crude oil), petroleum dulom  
old (of long standing; having been known for a long time) fevan  
old (of much age; having existed/lived for a long time) jalan  
olive (tree/fruit of sp. Olea europaea) liponaj  
on (resting on; touching the top or other surface of) fo  
one tan  
one (indefinite pronoun) os  
ones osan  
onion (plant/bulb of sp. Allium sepa) xolid  
only, solely, exclusively tanol  
open (not shut) rahilan  
opening, orifice tuluj  
opera xalemelim  
opinion jomod  
or u  
orange (having a hue between red and yellow) vedan  
orange (tree/fruit of Citrus sinensis / related spp.) semol  
organ (musical instrument) togevejel  
organ (of body) amed  
organize (bring X's together to perform a task) fagux  
original, non-imitative heronan  
ornament, decoration xemid  
other, another tele  
our ismeyan  
outer, exterior, external noludan  
outside of, exterior to gado  
oval, ellipse govex  
oven oxiyelid  
own (possess according to law or custom) arel  
oxygen reyom  
package, packet, parcel tagoyel  
paddle, oar (stick with broad end) hilod  
page (one side of a sheet of paper in a book) tuleyel  
pain kelinor  
paint sinej  
palm (of hand) funor  
pan (broad shallow cooking dish) famelij  
pants, trousers lusug  
paper gafar  
parallel golovan  
park (public outdoor area) tugil  
parliament, congress (legislative body of elected officers) sumul  
part evan  
party saleyej  
party (political), sect (religious) sulir  
pass (time) sunul  
past (the p~), earlier time hapol  
pasta, noodles hanguj  
paste (any thick soft dough-like material) gaminod  
patch (a piece used to cover/repair a flaw) tinax  
patience julim  
pattern (apparent systematic interrelationship) tulugud  
pause, hesitate, suspend action temporarily sip  
pay gamad  
pea (plant/seed of sp. Pisum sativum) litom  
peace (freedom from fighting or turmoil) zajul  
peanut (plant/seed/pod of sp. Arachis hypogaea) funurel  
pedal haluv  
pen (writing tool that uses ink) xahil  
pencil, crayon (writing tool that uses semi-solid substance) xahil  
penis imit  
people (a people), folk, the members of an ethnic group / nation aovan  
pepper (black -- plant/seed of sp. Piper nigrum) vagef  
pepper (hot/sweet/bell pepper -- plant/pod of genus Capsicum) hagef  
perceive, detect zorolid  
perfect tafalan  
perfume, aftershave gaxil  
period, era, epoch talav  
permanent, perpetual geonan  
permit, allow, let fologer  
person, human being an  
pet toreyed  
Philippines Pilipinas  
photograph xemeyid  
piano havejel  
picture, image sehid  
piece (a part broken/cut/separated from something larger) ev  
piece (of music) jereyex  
pig, swine (omnivorous mammal of family Suidae) genop  
pile, heap, stack of things or of a substance gofinod  
pillow, cushion zimorel  
pine (coniferous tree of genus Pinus) borinol  
pink tinolan  
pipe (a hard tube for transporting liquid) togeril  
pipe (smoking) jimoval  
pity, feel compassion toward, feel sorry for xenov  
pizza pelev  
place, location un  
plan, design sugul  
plane (flat surface) kemel  
planet zurol  
plant (a vegetable life-form) xurumed  
plastic (synthetic/processed moldable material) kolid  
plate (shallow dish, usually round) fugumod  
play (music) jeresum  
play (performed by actors on stage), drama sumar  
play, recreate, frolic gamed  
please guvu  
pleasure xamed  
plow (plough) xurabal  
plug, seal, stopper fanud  
plum (certain trees/fruits of genus Prunus) jeroyed  
pocket feyonil  
pod (seed pod) tinorel  
poem melij  
poison, toxin remul  
Poker (card game) parkevul  
Poland Polska  
polarity (electric, magnetic, etc.) hemidav  
pole, stick (long bar) fuderoj  
police (organization to enforce laws) fanul  
politics gosim  
pollute, contaminate kuluv  
pool, billiards tokerul  
poor, impoverished fugidan  
popular aovejan  
port tugemid  
position (location relative to others) unej  
positive xian  
possible (able to happen or be done) jeloran  
post (vertical pole anchored in ground) gorobid  
post, mail mexadil  
postcard kemexadil  
pot (deep round vessel) gamuniv  
potassium gavom  
potato (plant/tuber of sp. Solanum tuberosum) yavarel  
pour (cause to flow) ji palav  
powder hirulod  
power oxem  
praise, compliment, laud harolim  
prat, fool gumug  
pray (communicate with god(s)) munirev  
present (existing in the indicated place; contra-absent) a  
present (the present time; the now) apol  
preserve, maintain (keep X in good condition) seliv  
president timov  
press (do pressure to; push upon with weight or force) sokohiv  
pretend, act, feign serim  
prevent (keep from happening) zimul  
price, cost xikel  
pride (proudness; self-respect) xajad  
priest, clergyman munirolij  
prime minister timov  
print (to copy marks by pressing inked objects on paper) tuleyev  
prior, preceding, previous, contra-next lujan  
prison, jail keroyij  
private (contra-public) guminedan  
prize, award xikelod  
probable (likely to happen/be) dayan  
problem gumil  
process, procedure hogol  
proficient komijan  
profit, gain pereyel  
profitable pereyelan  
program felej  
progress, advancement holoj  
prohibit, forbid, contra-permit xogod  
project, undertaking, venture mereyal  
promise (a claim about one's future actions), pledge tuguliv  
proof, evidence sinaj  
protect, defend palad  
protest, objection garix  
prototype, exemplar, archetype, model (for all Xs) herolid  
provide, supply, furnish koxeyel  
province (of Canada etc.), prefecture, state (of USA etc.) torilus  
pry {British: prize} (raise/open/move with a lever) polid  
public (available to most or all persons) ruminedan  
public, populace, the people (as in People's Republic) aovan  
pull (draw something toward oneself) holij  
pulley goloxiv  
pump gemuhul  
punish sugol  
pure, unadulterated, uncontaminated sugalan  
purple fujan  
push (press on something in order to move it) falahav  
put, place, translocate kever  
pyramid meled  
Qatar Gatar  
quality, trait, attribute, characteristic vinaj  
quantity (amount / number / magnitude) sol  
quartz filom  
queen forum  
question, query lemov  
quickly, rapidly, swiftly (with much speed) zorolol  
quiet, soft, faint (of little sonic intensity) galusan  
quite, fairly uvul  
quote, cite melej  
rabbit (animal of family Leporidae) zonov  
race (group of people with similar characteristics) aovan  
rack (framework of bars for storage) gilikad  
radio apparatus, wireless set dasumij  
rage kamad  
rail (usually horizontal bar for restraining/supporting things) serofol  
railroad faxod  
rain vulekar  
rainbow vuliyon  
rake tegerul  
rampant umulan  
rarefied, tenuous, diffuse, dilute, sparse, wispy lorev  
rather, somewhat vum  
ratio, rate, proportion ev  
ray rohim  
razor baretel  
reach, extend as far as sumavar  
read galem  
ready, prepared for a task / event kevelan  
real, actual palidan  
realise guxol  
rear, back part of nimol  
reason, explanation, justification, rationale fenuj  
reasoning, rational thought fanid  
receive sejev  
recently (in the near past) hapesol  
recognize ferem  
record (a cache of information) tegix  
recorder (musical instrument) gomel  
rectangle ruahad  
red kilan  
refreshed, zesty, perky xoteran  
region, area (a quantity of space within boundaries) uneyed  
regret ramid  
regular, periodic (at uniform intervals) simonan  
reject, refuse (contra-accept) rikemov  
relationship, association xavej  
release (quit keeping/restraining) fek  
religion munir  
remain, stay rum  
remember talon  
remove, subtract, take away, delete nul  
repair, fix hinul  
repel xiragal  
replacement (permanent substitute/substitution) oxidil  
report kaval  
represent (act as a substitute for) oreyon  
reptile tegov  
reputedly kimiloneyol  
request, ask for leyev  
reside, dwell, live hudil  
resign sefer  
respect, venerate, esteem velej  
responsibility, liability, accountability aram  
rest (of ...), remainder, leftovers, remnant tal  
restaurant pimitor  
restrain, inhibit, hold back rumagal  
result, consequence kevex  
retrieve, fetch (go to X and bring it back) sumagal  
return (go or send back to previous place/condition) roxum  
reveal, disclose tuvul  
revelation, mystical vision togolar  
revenge, vengeance, retribution, getting even guruk  
reward xikelod  
rhythm tabal  
rice (plant/seed of sp. Oryza sativa) yesomir  
rich, wealthy galedan  
ride (sit/perch in/on a vehicle/horse/etc. and travel) fenex  
right (a right to do/be ...) avud  
right(-hand) kafalan  
right, correct hujan  
ring, torus tefad  
riot kavimod  
rise, ascend xum xivol  
ritual, rite, ceremony femud  
river karimol  
road sumij  
robin kexol  
rock, stone lifom  
rocket zemerex  
role (an individual's function) hogil  
roll (move like a ball/cylinder by turning over and over) palaj  
roof tubud  
room, chamber beromid  
root (of a plant) tinuf  
rope bunasul  
rose (plant/flower of genus Rosa) yaxal  
rot, decay hoagad  
rough, coarse, contra-smooth nahulan  
route, path, course tovil  
rub, abrade huvul  
rubber solil  
rug, mat solimij  
rule, regulation fagud  
run zumer  
runny, thin (of little viscosity) karejan  
rural area, countryside feren  
rush, hurry, hasten fexum  
Russia Rosiya  
rust, corrosion hurul  
sabbath (day of week with religious significance) mefolid  
sack, bag gerimov  
sad, unhappy, melancholy foleyan  
safety, security pevid  
safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) sinop  
sail zalaj  
salad seluv  
salt tek  
same, identical feloman  
sand xed  
sandwich gozov  
satisfaction xamev  
Saturday folxarol  
Saudi Arabia Suhudiya  
sauce majelon  
sausage tukuled  
save, rescue paval  
saw (tool) gamel  
saxophone heredej  
say, tell, express in words milon  
scale (device to measure weight) silozel  
scatter, disperse legex  
school fajotor  
science paredil  
scissors xukotil  
score (the tally of points in a competition) tamaj  
Scotland Alba  
scratch luhed  
screen, mesh xekesil  
screw (threaded fastener) feyaloj  
sea, ocean karad  
season opelix  
second (1/60th of a minute) nej  
secret fulagan  
section, segment (a part somehow different/separated from others) ev  
see golem  
seed tinor  
seek, search (for), look for tagad  
seem, appear to be, give the impression of felad  
seldom, rarely ravodol  
self, reflexive pronoun omos  
sell terud  
send, dispatch, transmit pefid  
sense (ability to perceive a given kind of stimuli) davar  
sentence (of words) teremil  
September (dolphin month) taxodox  
sequence, order (temporal arrangement of events in a series) zegod  
series (a number of similar things following one another) zegol  
serious, earnest, grave furim  
serpentine, meandering, convoluted faluxuan  
serve (provide service to) sinud  
sesame (plant/seed of genus Sesamum) serop  
set (complete group of similar items) belej  
seven xar  
sew olim  
sex, gender kelen  
sexy, erotic kelenixan  
shadow, shade dukan  
shag fexok  
shake agad  
shallow (of little depth) rumuran  
shame xogol  
shampoo xaganis  
sharp, keen, pointy, acute gemeran  
shave zakod  
sheath gamod  
sheep (Ovis aries) paran  
sheet (thin rectangle of paper/cloth/etc.) julud  
shelf xumulid  
shell toron  
shield (a protective implement) gumurod  
shine (radiate light) lej  
ship tugeyul  
shirt lesaj  
shoe lasov  
shoot (cause to rapidly go forth) fenerej  
shop tumitor  
short (of little length) rolonan  
short, brief (of little duration) zapajan  
shorts, trunks (trousers extending no lower than knees) lojid  
should, ought to (is/are expected/advised to ...) xar  
shoulder imeraj  
shout zimrov  
shovel toreyad  
show, exhibit, display gumil  
shower, sprinkle fahud  
shrimp torgufed  
shrink, contract li dur  
side, flank, lateral area fulud  
sign (board with public notice written on it) zegarix  
silent galan  
silk tomar  
silver (the metal) jalar  
similar faleyan  
simple teveyan  
since nopej  
sing xalev  
single, alone taneyan  
sink hival  
sister felem  
sit (be in a sitting position) zodev  
six fon  
size (degree of largeness or smallness) eger  
skeleton inor  
ski sever  
skin porim  
skirt, kilt, dress (any torso-garment open at the bottom) lixev  
sky vul  
slave xar  
sleep veter  
slide, slip, glide poluj  
sloped, inclined/declined (not horizontal) tovolan  
slowly (with little speed) nurolol  
small (of little size) dun  
smell, odor, aroma seyud  
smile tejav  
smoke hudil  
smooth rahulidan  
snake, serpent (reptile of suborder Serpentes or Ophidia) xinerol  
Snap (card game) felkevul  
sneeze firoler  
snooker, pool sormetokel  
snow beyej  
snug (just large enough to contain X), tight (in this sense) boreyan  
so that, in order that goru  
soap ganis  
social xoreleyan  
socialise xorelex  
sock, hose, stocking layid  
sodium sagom  
soft, malleable, yielding to pressure tarakan  
soldier xunum  
solid (contra-hollow) simeyan  
solid (not a gas or liquid) hemel  
Solitaire (card game) tankevul  
someday, sometime (in the future) naron  
some, any uran  
son golor  
soon (in the near future) nenusol  
sophisticated tuvuxan  
sophistication tuvux  
sorry! ramu  
soul, spirit (believed to outlive the body) morol  
sound (audible waves in the air) gex  
soup finumiv  
sour solukan  
source, origin ruj  
south ujirem  
South Afrika Sautefrika  
soya, soybean (plant/seed of sp. Glycine max) tumud  
space, room, void tilig  
spade hujevid  
Spain Espanya  
sparrow sijil  
speak, talk melev  
spear, lance seleril  
special helixan  
species rozol  
specific, special, particular vehulan  
speed, velocity (degree of fastness or slowness) gadul  
sphere herulij  
spice, seasoning femez  
spider, arachnid abex  
spike, barb, cleat, thorn jamilov  
spill (accidentally emit liquid) seliyom  
spinach (plant/leaves of sp. Spinacia oleracea) hinafar  
spine, backbone pusan  
spiral, whorl sakad  
spirit rug  
spirit (whisky, vodka etc.) zaresil  
spit xumod  
sponge (real/synthetic corpse of animal of phylum Porifera) tinogov  
spool, reel (cylinder onto which something is wound) bulanud  
spoon bokiliv  
spread (begin to cover or cause X to cover more area) hanulim  
spring (metal helix) banofol  
spring (the season) xelix  
sprout (young shoot of plant) tinur  
square xemef  
squash, melon (plant/fruit of genus Cucurbita grown for edible fruit) abejel  
squat zuren  
squirrel (rodent of family Sciuridae) vurot  
stab, jab huvuled  
stair(s) busalid  
stand zaged  
staple (fastener) geledaj  
star vulfor  
steal (take in a criminal way) garud  
steam karod  
steel kileyod  
steeple vuzukul  
stiff, rigid savehan  
still, yet (even until the time mentioned) kevol  
stir, agitate agad  
stomach perogij  
stop gumis  
store, cache, reserve, reservoir jor  
store, shop, boutique femos  
storm finak  
story, report melim  
straight (heterosexual) nivalejan  
straight (not bent) femejan  
strange, weird, unusual, peculiar hujulan  
strap junafed  
street xod  
strength (ability to exert physical power) julij  
stretch, extend param  
strike (work stoppage as protest) bakul  
string (thicker than thread and thinner than rope) jamul  
string (violin family) juhan  
stripe reyiv  
stroke, jolt, blow of force juleyav  
student, pupil fajideyel  
study fajid  
stupid govilan  
stylus tejad  
subject, topic of discussion fen  
submission, surrender fogid  
substitute, surrogate (temporary replacement) oxod  
succeed zinol  
suck sumil  
sudden, abrupt fijan  
sugar giliv  
suggest, propose (offer an idea) galim  
suitable, proper, fit(ting), appropriate sumuvan  
sulfur oxom  
summer galix  
sun xelen  
Sunday foltanol  
sunflower (plant/bloom of sp. Helianthus annuus) xelentarsi  
supper dukolpim  
support gajal  
suppose, presume lesam  
surface rahul  
surprise tuxul  
surprise, startle saliv  
swallow geriv  
swamp, marsh xumub  
sweat, perspiration palar  
Sweden Sverye  
sweep hogil  
sweet giliyan  
swelling, inflation ruluk  
swim zamunor  
Switzerland Halvetiya  
sword miyod  
syllable terus  
symbol, sign, token samuv  
synthesizer oxevejel  
syringe fuyelib  
system taral  
table (piece of furniture with flat top) tokel  
tail pelor  
take (in the sense of E-o "preni", G "nehmen", Sp "tomar") reod  
take off, take flight jizim  
talent, skill, knack jumid  
talk, chatter melidev  
tap gim  
tape (magnetic) hemul  
tapered (becoming narrower toward an end) pereyan  
tar (dark viscous liquid obtained by destructive distillation) dulegom  
task, chore, job, assignment tevej  
taste (perceive the flavor of) zedof  
taut, tight, tense, strained sanagan  
tavern, bar, pub torij  
tax serej  
taxi govejel  
tea (plant/leaves of sp. Camellia sinensis) xavar  
teach fajid  
team, crew, squad aovan  
tear(drop(s)) umad  
tear, rip hamaled  
technology domil  
telephone someleyid  
telescope surijem  
television set sogolemid  
temperature (relative amount of heat present) serumal  
temporary, transient tualan  
tempt samaj  
ten min  
tendency, propensity, inclination jigel  
tennis tugarul  
term, period talaved  
test, check semil  
testicle koriv  
Thailand Pratetay  
than, compared to tem  
thank (express gratitude toward) sojar  
thanks sojaru  
that (demonstrative) re  
that (e.g. "I know that you are right") xe  
theater saranil  
their asmeyan  
then, so ne  
theory fenel  
there (at/to that place) seun  
therefore seyen  
thick, fat (large from one surface to the opposite surface) gorevan  
thickness (of a solid object, etc.) roreyevan  
thin, slender (small from one surface to the opposite surface) rorevan  
thing, item tepel  
think govon  
this, that sean  
thousand felar  
thread, filament sinagal  
three gil  
throat harojvusej  
through gelero  
throw, toss gapav  
thumb vemos  
thunder tokov  
Thursday folzalol  
Tibet Bod  
ticket, coupon sud  
tide helim  
tie, bind zelavil  
tiger (Felis tigris) terumol  
tight zelaveyil  
time (e.g. "do it 3 times"), occasion, instance, iteration tayeb  
time (the dimension/continuum of past-present-future) opej  
timely, prompt, on time seonan  
tin (the metal) kilavod  
tiny, minuscule dunus  
tired, weary veteran  
to, towards, at (moving toward) ro  
tobacco (plant/leaves of sp. Nicotiana tabacum) gumax  
today afol  
toe valir elunr  
together xoyol  
toilet, water closet hamul  
tomato (plant/berry of genus Lycopersicon) xorom  
tomorrow nafol  
tone, pitch (frequency of sound waves) simex  
tongs salovidme  
tongue (body-part) perom  
too little, insufficiently gov nurim  
too much, excessively gov tom  
tool, utensil, implement sulug  
tooth goferan  
toothache gofpejor  
top, peak, summit haxil  
tornado huyad  
torture, torment kaguv  
total, sum, aggregate pur  
touch karej  
towel xefol  
tower zukul  
toy, plaything gimib  
train (of railroad) faxud  
trap baronij  
travel falerim  
tray (shallow rectangular dish) feguliv  
treasure galed  
tree tinovaj  
trial (in court) sereyod  
triangle xolov  
trick, chicanery sovil  
trim, prune (cut off ragged edges) zavod  
trombone kaveyad  
trouble, difficulty rugul  
truck {British: lorry} (motor vehicle for cargo-carrying) xelion  
true palejan  
trumpet kavil  
trust samul  
try, attempt, endeavor farad  
try, sample reodij  
Tuesday folgilol  
tunnel serumij  
Turkey Turkiye  
turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) xinor  
turn, divert (send in a different direction) fulugal  
turn, rotate, revolve pulad  
turquoise fulojan  
turtle (reptile of order Testudinata) finadir  
two ver  
ugly gamulan  
umbrella seneraf  
umpire, referee, official galij  
under, below, beneath dujero  
understand, comprehend gelej  
uniform (special garments worn by members of a group) leyolid  
unite xosumid  
universe, cosmos ruyal  
university fajoyeled  
up xivol  
urine kepev  
use, utilize umil  
usual kodan  
vacuum ruleyij  
vagina faral  
valley raradur  
value (the quality of being useful and/or desirable), worth xikered  
valve (flow-controller) xinoyed  
vapor, mist seved  
vehicle xeyel  
veil lukul  
vein, blood vessel kamin  
version, copy, draft merij  
vertical sirajan  
very tolix  
video sogohemul  
village zimeyad  
vinegar solukeyed  
viola juhedel  
violent, harsh kulan  
violin juhad  
virus zeferin  
viscous, thick (of high viscosity) guvulan  
visit semed  
vocabulary (sum of words available to a person/people) tereyil  
vogue, trend, fad, fashion usad  
voice xadev  
volcano xekev  
vomit kupum  
vote xofagid  
vowel xarel  
waist tomex  
wait (for), await sinev  
Wales Kimri  
walk minol  
wall torubej  
want kaxeyal  
want, wish, desire felim  
war kerex  
warm gavusan  
warn kovor  
wash zudul  
waste, misuse ukud  
watch, look at jemevad  
water kar  
wave tumen  
wax govid  
weapon xukuleg  
weather xinov  
weave hogil  
wedge gemon  
Wednesday foldorol  
week xafol  
weight (degree of heaviness or lightness) simoj  
welcome jilsumu  
west galugem  
wet kariyan  
whale (large marine mammal of order Cetacea) adaj  
wheat (plant/seed of sp. Triticum aestivum) furil  
wheel gaminav  
when? (at what time?) veon  
where? (at/to what place?) veun  
whether, if le  
whim, caprice feyed  
whistle tukuj  
white falan  
whole, entire, complete pur  
why? (for what reason?) veyen  
wide, broad (of space between objects) goreyevan  
width (degree of wideness or narrowness) goreyev  
wife fol  
wild, feral, untamed umulan  
will, shall (future tense indicator) na  
wind fujad  
window buforej  
wine xemev  
wing (of bird etc.) gefej  
winter tolix  
wire (long thread-like piece of metal) voleyel  
wisdom fajayed  
wise fajayan  
wish kaxal  
with (accompanied by) xo  
without, with no ..., lacking yo  
wolf (Canis lupus) ferej  
woman (adult female person) fol  
wood (the substance) haral  
wool helim  
word ter  
work, effort, labor, toil uvaj  
world dur  
world (terra firma) dur  
worm garom  
worry, anxiety sayodan  
wound gadip  
wrap tekelem  
wrench {British: spanner} salugaj  
wrestle telegov  
wrinkle, crease folil  
wrist ganer  
write terox  
wrong, incorrect bilan  
year ilix  
yellow folan  
yes xiye  
yesterday hafol  
you es  
young (of little age; having existed/lived for a brief time) velan  
your (plural) esmeyan  
your (sing.) esan  
zero nor  

Last Updated on 9/8/00